breathalysers-australia transparent logo
truck-icon-red-banner

Same day local dispatch

australia-icon-red-banner

Australian owned

Breathalysers

1-3 year warranty

breathalyser

Australia's industry specialist

Amphetamine in Urine: How Long Can It be Detected?

01 April, 2024

A gloved hand holding a test paper strip in front of a urine sample

Amphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant used for treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. However, it is one of the most abused substances for its euphoric effects, making its use heavily controlled. Many urine screening procedures include this drug. Amphetamine in urine is detectable for two to five days, depending on the amount of intake and frequency of use. The detection window may be longer for heavy or chronic users, which can extend for a week.

The abuse of amphetamines can lead to serious health consequences, including addiction, cardiovascular issues, and psychiatric problems. Therefore, healthcare professionals need to be able to detect its presence in their patients. Knowing the effects of amphetamines can help individuals and organisations make informed decisions about their health and well-being. In this article, we will explore the importance of testing amphetamines, how urine tests work, and the factors affecting the detection of the drug.

Importance of Testing for Amphetamines in Urine

Testing for amphetamines in urine is crucial for various reasons. First and foremost, it helps to monitor drug use and adherence to treatment plans. Healthcare professionals can supervise patients with ADHD or narcolepsy and make sure they are taking the medication as prescribed. Similarly, employers can identify individuals who may be abusing this stimulant drug. It includes crystal methamphetamines and MDMA (ecstasy).

Secondly, amphetamine testing is essential for ensuring safety in certain professions. Jobs that require focus and alertness, such as operating heavy machinery or driving, can be dangerous if individuals are under the influence of drugs. Testing can help employers identify potential risks and take appropriate actions to prevent accidents and ensure a safe work environment.

Testing for amphetamines can also be important in determining drug use disorder or abuse. Healthcare providers and companies can refer or offer treatment for addiction and long-term recovery. Lastly, urine testing can be valuable for legal reasons. In cases where drug use is prohibited, a urine test can provide evidence of compliance or non-compliance with regulations.

Effects of Amphetamine on the Body

  • Amphetamines are stimulant drugs, meaning they increase activity in the central nervous system.
  • Increase dopamine and serotonin, the feel-good chemicals in the brain.
  • Increase alertness, improve focus, and elevate mood. These effects can be beneficial for individuals who have ADHD or sleep disorders.
  • The misuse of the drug can increase heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Suppressed appetite and weight loss.
  • Amphetamine overdose may cause a dangerous increase in body temperature.
  • Increased sweating, dilated pupils, and severe agitation.
  • Long-term use can damage the brain and lead to various mental health disorders.
  • Amphetamine withdrawal symptoms include tiredness, anxiety, depressed mood, and paranoia.

A lab technician giving an empty collection container to a patient

Amphetamine in Urine – How Urine Testing Works

Urine testing is a common method for detecting the presence of amphetamine in the system. When a person ingests amphetamine, their body breaks it down into metabolites. These metabolites remain in the system for varying periods. Additionally, screening for amphetamine in urine looks for these metabolites and their derivatives.

The most common urine test is the immunoassay screening. This test can trace amphetamines and other illicit drugs within minutes after sample collection. It works by using reagents that react in the presence of specific drug metabolites after exposure to the urine sample. This reaction may show as a change in colours or appearance of lines in the test panels.

If the initial screening is non-negative, a confirmatory test is often necessary. It involves forwarding the sample to a laboratory and analysing it using advanced techniques like Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). This procedure can identify the specific substance and quantify the concentration of amphetamine. It is an essential process to minimise false-positive results. Urine testing is a cost-effective method when screening a large number of specimens.

Collection Procedure for Samples

The collection procedure for urine samples includes providing a sterile container to the individual. The container should be free of contaminants that could affect the test results. A medical professional may give instructions, such as catching the midstream urine for a more accurate sample.

Individuals should wash their hands thoroughly and avoid touching the inside of the container. Next, they should fill the collection cup with the required volume. After sample collection, the person should seal the container tightly and give it to the test collector. The administrator should label it with the donor’s name, date, and time of collection.

Close up of different drugs and pills

Factors Affecting the Detection of Amphetamine in Urine

Urine can provide an extended period of detection, among other methods, such as saliva and blood testing. However, several factors can affect the detection of amphetamine in urine. One main factor is the dosage and frequency of use. Higher dosages and regular use can result in higher levels of the drug in urine.

Metabolism rate also plays a role in how long amphetamine is detectable in the system. People with fast metabolism can eliminate the drug more quickly, leading to shorter detection times. In addition, different forms, such as methamphetamine and dextroamphetamine, may have different detection windows due to variations in their chemical compositions.

Factors such as hydration levels and pH levels of the urine can influence how fast the body eliminates amphetamines from the body. Finally, the timing of the test and when the drug was last consumed can greatly affect the results. For example, amphetamine may be detectable in urine for a shorter period of time immediately after use. However, it may still be detectable if a more sensitive test is used.

Detection Times

The detection window of amphetamine is approximately 48 to 120 hours after intake. The period of detection in urine specimens is typically longer than other methods like saliva and blood tests. Blood tests usually detect the parent drug rather than metabolites, which have a shorter detection time.

Frequency of use also plays a vital role. Occasional users may have a shorter detection window of around 24 to 72 hours. However, for chronic users or abusers, the detection time can extend up to five days or longer. In comparison, a hair test offers the longest period of up to 90 days.

Conclusion

The presence of amphetamine in urine is detectable in screening tests within hours after intake and up to five days. Initial immunoassay testing can provide quick results, making it cost-effective for individuals and companies. However, a confirmatory test may be necessary to validate non-negative results. A GC-MS is highly accurate in quantifying the concentration of amphetamines in the system. Moreover, proper sample collection is crucial to prevent contamination and ensure accurate results.

Several factors can impact the period of detection of amphetamines in the body. This includes dosage and frequency of use, metabolism rate, hydration levels, pH levels of urine, and timing of the test. Chronic users may have longer detection windows due to the concentration of drugs in the system. Thus, understanding these factors can help individuals and professionals interpret test results accurately. Overall, urine testing for amphetamines is a valuable tool in detecting substance abuse and monitoring treatment progress.

0
    Shopping Cart
    Your cart is emptyReturn to Shop
      Calculate Shipping
      Shipping options will be updated during checkout.

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Is Device Size Important?

      Is Device Size Important?

      Is Device Size Important?

      Driving Restrictions? (P Platers, Zero Tolerance etc)

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Key Benefits

      Your Perfect Match

      Key Benefits

      A gloved hand holding a test paper strip in front of a urine sample

      Would you like extra mouthpieces?

      Your Perfect Match

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      You may be interested in…

      Thank you for registering your breathalyser.

      Our system will now automatically send you a notification when your calibration is due.

      Your Perfect Match

      Also Recommended

      Why upgrade?

      Are you Testing Employees?