DNA & Drug and alcohol Testing: Differences and Significance
18 September, 2023
DNA & drug and alcohol testing are two kinds of tests. They have differences in terms of purpose. People get Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) testing to analyse their genetic makeup. They can also determine their relationships with others. On the other hand, tests for alcohol and drugs confirm whether they are present in the system of a person. The significance of the former lies in its ability to relate one person to another, while the latter is for recovery.
Businesses organise pre-employment testing for alcohol and drugs. It is necessary to protect the peace in the workplace. Individuals should not confuse it with gene-drug testing, which is a study of how the body reacts to medications. If an employer requires testing for alcohol and drugs, they want to know if applicants have the substances in their bodies. To learn more about the tests, the article will present what they are, their differences, and their significance.
What are DNA & Drug and Alcohol Testing?
Since DNA & drug and alcohol testing are not the same, there is a need to understand what they are. DNA tests involve the gathering of DNA. They can obtain it from cell samples in the body. It allows people to know their specific genes and chromosomes. Understanding DNA can lead to many benefits. It includes being able to identify genetic lineage. Moreover, doctors can determine risks for illnesses through it.
Meanwhile, tests for alcohol and drugs are ways to detect their presence in the system. At times, it can also help confirm to other people if someone has been drinking alcohol or taking illicit drugs. Law enforcement can require someone they suspect to undergo a test. One of the leading causes of fatal crashes is driving while intoxicated. Thus, one strategy of police officers is to do random roadside testing. They use a breath test for it.
Furthermore, there may be misconceptions about the tests, especially between drug & DNA, but they are different. One reason for the confusion is drug-gene testing. The test is for determining the right medication for patients or if there may be side effects.
Both tests can be performed by collecting the following specimens:
- Blood – It is most common to take blood for DNA tests. Many also use it as a sample for alcohol and drug testing because of its accuracy.
- Urine – DNA can be detected using it, but not as much as blood. Many companies do urinalysis for testing because it is affordable.
- Saliva – Do-it-yourself DNA testing kits typically use saliva for convenience. Likewise, alcohol and drug tests have the kits, but they are less common than other methods.
- Hair – DNA tests require pulling the hair, while alcohol and drug tests can settle with cutting strands of hair.
What are The Differences Between DNA & Drug and Alcohol Testing?
There are several differences between DNA & drug and alcohol testing. Firstly, it is through the time frame. Processing the results of a DNA test can last a long time, sometimes for more than four weeks. On the other hand, people can get the results of tests for alcohol and drugs relatively faster. Some tests can even provide it within seconds, such as a breath test with the use of a breathalyser.
Secondly, it is through privacy considerations. Testing for DNA can be a sensitive matter. Hence, collectors typically ask for consent. Alcohol and drug testing, at times, require consent as well, such as for blood tests. Unfortunately, it is not all the time. Thus, they may not be able to refuse it.
Lastly, it is through their applications. DNA tests are used for many things. It can help long-lost relatives find each other. Also, it supports health as certain diseases are genetic. If people become aware of the risks, they can take appropriate measures. Meanwhile, the objective of alcohol and drug tests is to know their presence in the body. They want to confirm and know the levels.
The tests require the handling of samples from the body. Hence, it is important to make sure that everything is clean. Contamination may cause errors in the results. For instance, there may be a false positive result from a urine test for alcohol and drugs. They must not allow the urine to touch any body part before it gets into the container.
Furthermore, it is necessary to pack the sample tightly and safely. This is especially essential for tests people have to send back using post or mail. There are many kits online that they can buy and need to deliver to far locations.
What is the Significance of DNA & Drug and Alcohol Testing?
DNA & drug and alcohol testing are significant. DNA results can confirm the connection between people. For instance, a son who wants to know his dad can confirm it by going through a DNA test. Moreover, pregnant women can take better care of their babies even when they are still in the womb by determining their genetic materials. Doctors may know the potential diseases they may have and take precautionary steps.
Meanwhile, alcohol and drug tests can be the first step to recovery for some people. Their chemicals can impair judgment. Thus, they may not be able to tell for themselves that they are unwell without getting a test. Healthcare providers can prescribe proper treatment when they see how much alcohol or drugs the patients consume. Moreover, breath tests help prevent road accidents. People can check their blood alcohol concentration (BAC) before deciding if they can drive.
The tests may have different purposes, but both are important in their respective fields. Overall, they support a person to stay healthy and have peace of mind. Also, there will be a safer environment with reduced liability.
What to Look For Before Getting A Test?
Before deciding on getting a test, people should consider several factors. One of which is the service. They can check reviews about the company. Testing centres will handle sensitive information from the results. Thus, customers must feel that they can trust them to give their specimens.
Another factor is convenience. DNA, as well as alcohol and drug testing, use several methods. Hence, they should choose the one that is most suitable for them, especially if they are not required to take a particular test. For instance, those who want to manage their alcohol can buy a breathalyser as they can use it multiple times.
DNA & drug and alcohol testing are methods in which a specimen is taken from the body. Healthcare professionals use the sample to analyse various things. They collect DNA samples to connect the relationship between two or more people. Moreover, they can do it to prevent serious health conditions. In addition, specimens are useful in confirming the use of illegal substances and how much there is in the body.
Both tests have various methods of testing, but there are some that they share. One example is the use of blood. Taking blood samples is typically preferred to other types because of the accuracy it provides. Moreover, there are guidelines to follow for the privacy and security of each person. They must also consider several factors before doing the test. It is essential to ensure that they can be comfortable during the process.